Research Topics

Projects Funded by

Chemistry of Metals in Soil and Ground Water

Drinking Water Supply and Treatment

Environmental Impacts of Fossil Energy Byproducts

Current Projects

Trace Metal Dynamics and Limitations on Biogeochemical Cycling in Wetland Soils and Hyporheic Zones
U. S. Department of Energy (2018-2021)
PI: Jeff Catalano (Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences), Co-PI: Dan Giammar

Impact of Redox-Driven Recrystallization on the Stabilty and Reactivity of UO2 and PbO2
National Science Foundation (2017-2020)
PI: Dan Giammar, Jeff Catalano (Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences)

Considerations and Blending Strategies for Drinking Water System Integration with Alternative Water Supplies
Water Research Foundation (2019-2021)
PI: Nicole Blute (Hazen and Sawer)

Generation, speciation, and reactivity of radical oxidants under simulated downhole conditions in hydraulic fracturing operations
International Center for Energy and Environmental Sustainability (2018-2019)
PI:  Kim Parker, Co-PIs: Dan Giammar and Jeff Catalano

National Alliance for Water Innovation
Department of Energy (2020-2024)
PI:  Peter Fiske (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Corrosion Control with Sodium Silicates
PQ Corporation (2018-2019)
PI: Dan Giammar.

 

Recently Completed Projects

Phosphate for Lead Corrosion Control
National Science Foundation and Water Research Foundation (2016-2019)
PI: Dan Giammar, Jill Pasteris (Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences), Yandi Hu (University of Houston)

Impact of Microstructure on the Containment and Migration of CO2 in Fractured Basalts
U.S. Department of Energy (2014-2018)
Principal Investigator is Dan Giammar. Co-PI include Brian Ellis (University of Michigan), Philip Skemer (Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences), Sophia Hayes (Department of Chemistry) and Mark Conradi (Department of Physics).

New Tools for Probing the Impacts of Metal Dynamics on Biogeochemical Cycling in Wetland Soils
International Center for Energy and Environmental Sustainability (2017-2018)
Principal Investigator is Jeff Catalano (Earth and Planetary Sciences).  Dan Giammar is a Co-PI together with Kun Wang.

Assessment of Trace Metal Abundance in Tyson Soils and Sediments
Tyson Faculty Seed Grant Program (2017-2018)
PI: Dan Giammar, Jeff Catalano (Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences) 

Selenium Removal from Flue Gas Desulfurization Wastewaters

Consortium for Clean Coal Utilization (2015-2016)
PI: Dan Giammar, Co-PI: Jeff Catalano (Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences).

Platform Nanoscale Sorbents for Advanced Separation and Recovery of Metals and Metalloids in Water
National Science Foundation (2014-2017) and I-CARES (2016-2017)
Principal Investigator is John Fortner (Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering)

Co-Principal Investigator is Dan Giammar.

Development and Demonstration of Superparamagnetic Nanomaterials for Novel Flow-Through Separation and Recovery Processes for Metal/Metalloid Pollutants and Rare Earth Elements
International Center for Advanced Renewable Energy and Sustainability (2016-2017)
Principal Investigator is John Fortner (Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering) with Co-Principal Investigators Bryce Sadtler (Department of Chemistry) and Irene Lo (Hong Kong University of Science and Technology).

Performance and Mechanisms of Iron Electrocoagulation for Chromium(VI) Removal from Drinking Water
National Science Foundation (2013-2016)
Co-Principal Investigator is Jeff Catalano (Earth and Planetary Science)

Metals in Urban Community Gardens

International Center for Advanced Renewable Energy and Sustainability (2015-2016)
PI: Zorimar Rivera-Núñez (Department of Social Work), Co-PI: Dan Giammar, Jeff Catalano (Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences).

Dominant Mechanisms of Uranium-Phosphate Reactions in Subsurface Sediments
DOE Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Program (2011-2015)
Principal Investigator:  Jeff Catalano (Earth and Planetary Science)
Other Co-Principal Investigator:  Zheming Wang (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)

Metal Contamination of Silk Road Site

I-CARES (2014-2015)
PI: Michael Frachetti (Department of Anthropology) , Co-PI: Tristram R. Kidder (Department of Anthropology), Dan Giammar, et al.

Coupled Geochemical and Transport Processes in Geologic Carbon Sequestration
Consortium for Clean Coal Utilization (2012-2014)
Other Co-Principal Investigators:  Sophia Hayes (Chemistry), Anurag Mehra (Indian Institute of Technology Bombay) and Catherine Peters (Princeton University)

The Energy-Water Nexus of Emerging Technologies for Energy Resource Extraction: Impacts of Shale Hydraulic Fracturing and Geothermal Energy Production on the Mobilization of Trace Elements
McDonnell Academy Global Energy and Environment Partnership (2011-2014)
Principal Investigator is John Fortner (Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering)
Other Co-Principal Investigators: Orhan Yenigun (Bogazici University) and Anurag Mehra (Indian Institute of Technology Bombay)

SLAC Science Focus Area for the Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Program
DOE Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Program (2009-2013)
Principal Investigator is John Bargar (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center)
Other Co-Principal Investigator:  Rizlan Bernier-Latmani (Ecole Polytechnique Federale Lausanne)

Synergistic Effects of Iron Reduction and Ligand-Controlled Dissolution on Iron Uptake by Plants
International Center for Advanced Renewable Energy and Sustainability (2013-2014)
Other Co-Principal Investigators:  Jeff Catalano (Earth and Planetary Science), Ivan Baxter (Danforth Plant Science Center) and Stephan Kraemer (University of Vienna)

Manganese Redox Mediation of UO2 Stability and Uranium Fate in the Subsurface: Molecular and Meter Scale Dynamics
DOE Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Program (2010-2013)
Principal Investigator:  Brad Tebo (Oregon Health Sciences University)
Other Co-Principal Investigator:  Rizlan Bernier-Latmani (Ecole Polytechnique Federale Lausanne)

Impact of Galvanic Corrosion on Lead Release Following Partial Lead Service Line Replacement
Water Research Foundation (2010-2013)
Principal Investigator is Greg Welter (O'Brien and Gere Engineers)

Mechanisms and Kinetics of Multiphase Fluid-Formation Mineral Reactions in Carbon Dioxide Geologic Sequestration
Consortium for Clean Coal Utilization (2009-2012)
Principal Investigator is Young-Shin Jun (Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering)
Other Co-Principal Investigators:  Anurag Mehra (Indian Institute of Technology Bombay) and Sohei Shimada (University of Tokyo)

Life Cycles of Metals in Coal Combustion:  Metal Release and Capture, Speciation in Fly Ash, and Transformations During Ash Reuse and Storage

Consortium for Clean Coal Utilization (2009-2012)
Co-Principal Investigators:  Pratim Biswas and Jeff Catalano (Washington University), Jiming Hao (Tsinghua University), and Anil Dikshit (Indian Institute of Technology Bombay)

Rates and Mechanisms of Processes Influencing Lead(IV) Oxide Formation and Stability in Drinking Water Distribution Systems
Water Research Foundation (2009-2011)

CAREER:  Interfacial Reactions Affecting Heavy Metal Fate and Transport: An Integrated Research and Education Plan
National Science Foundation (2006-2012)

Sustainable Technology for Removal of Arsenic from Drinking Water:  Principles and Performance of Electrocoagulation
McDonnell Academy Global Energy and Environment Partnership (2009-2010)
Co-Principal Investigators:  Jeff Catalano (Washington University) and Sanjeev Chaudhari (Indian Institute of Technology Bombay)

Influence of Water Chemistry on the Dissolution and Transformation Rates of Lead Corrosion Products
American Water Works Association Research Foundation (2006-2009)